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"Old Glory, Long May It Wave"
The Flag of The United States of America will stand only as long
as all of us want it to stand. It is the symbol of this great Nation of ours
built from the hard work and sacrifice of those who have gone before us. The
strength of our Nation is the sum total of that hard work and sacrifice, and the
strength, cunning and prowess of those who our forefathers, sons and daughters
have fought and defeated in battle to defend it.
Most of us have heard the stories of Betsy Ross and our first
Flag. Congress adopted the first Flag design June 14, 1777. As States have
been added so have stars. Congress formally adopts any modifications to our flag
and prescribes the etiquette required for the display and handling of this great
Over the years the Flag of The United States has been burned and
trampled both home and abroad by citizens who are not happy with our country and
want to make a point. For our citizens at home who make this choice it is
difficult to make sense of this disrespectful action when so many have died
defending their right of free speech.
Many men and women have died defending this nation on the field
of battle or "on duty" under the colors of our Flag. We have listed
below casualties of war through the years to illustrate the significance of the
sacrifice of many for our country. These statistics are humbling in the face of
the significance of their sacrifice.
States War Casualties1, 2
|War of 1812
|Civil War (Both Sides)
|Spanish American War
|World War I
|World War II
*This information was taken from Title 36 of the
United States Code Chapter 10 as provided by the Legal Information Institute at
Cornell University School of Law. The text is a US government document and is
public domain; it may be freely copied and retransmitted.
It has become customary to fly The Flag on National Holidays,
and many people now fly The Flag daily from their homes. This action demonstrates
Patriotism and Loyalty to our Country and Honors the sacrifice of all who have
made this Great Nation possible.
our Shopping Mall to buy Flags of Our Fathers. The Battle of Iwo
Jima, fought in the winter of 1945 on a rocky island south of Japan, brought a
ferocious slice of hell to earth: in a month's time, more than 22,000 Japanese
soldiers would die defending a patch of ground a third the size of Manhattan,
while nearly 26,000 Americans fell taking it from them. The battle was a turning
point in the war in the Pacific, and it produced one of World War II's enduring
images: a photograph of six soldiers raising an American flag on the flank of
Mount Suribachi, the island's commanding high point.
One of those young Americans was John Bradley, a Navy corpsman who a few days
before had braved enemy mortar and machine-gun fire to administer first aid to a
wounded Marine and then drag him to safety. For this act of heroism Bradley
would receive the Navy Cross, an award second only to the Medal of Honor.
Bradley, who died in 1994, never mentioned his feat to his family. Only after
his death did Bradley's son James begin to piece together the facts of his
father's heroism, which was but one of countless acts of sacrifice made by the
young men who fought at Iwo Jima. Flags of Our Fathers recounts the
sometimes tragic life stories of the six men who raised the flag that February
day--one an Arizona Indian who would die following an alcohol-soaked brawl,
another a Kentucky hillbilly, still another a Pennsylvania steel-mill
worker--and who became reluctant heroes in the bargain. A strongly felt and
well-written entry in a spate of recent books on World War II, Flags
gives a you-are-there depiction of that conflict's horrible arenas--and a moving
homage to the men whom fate brought there. --Gregory McNamee
The following flag laws and regulations are contained in the
Public Law as amended July 7, 1976 by the 94th Congress of the United States.
They set forth the existing rules, customs and etiquette pertaining to the
display and use of the flag of the United States of America.
Section 174. Time and Occasions for display;
hoisting and lowering
- (a) Display on buildings and stationary flagstaffs in open; night
- It is the universal custom to display the flag only from sunrise to sunset
on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs in the open. However, when a
patriotic effect is desired, the flag may be displayed twenty-four hours a
day if properly illuminated during the hours of darkness.
- (b) Manner of hoisting
- The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously.
- (c) Inclement weather
- The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement,
except when an all weather flag is displayed.
- (d) Particular days of display
- The flag should be displayed on all days, especially on:
|New Year's Day, January 1
|Inauguration Day, January 20
|Lincoln's Birthday, February 12
|Washington's Birthday, third Monday in February
|Easter Sunday (variable)
|Mother's Day, second Sunday in May
|Armed Forces Day, third Saturday in May
|Memorial Day (half-staff until noon), the last Monday in May
|Flag Day, June 14
|Independence Day, July 4
|Labor Day, first Monday in September
|Constitution Day, September 17
|Columbus Day, second Monday in October
|Navy Day, October 27
|Veterans Day, November 11
|Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November
|Christmas Day, December 25
|and such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United
|the birthdays of States (date of admission)
|and on State holidays|
- (e) Display on or near administration building of public
- The flag should be displayed daily on or near the main administration
building of every public institution.
- (f) Display in or near polling places
- The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place on election
- (g) Display in or near schoolhouses
- The flag should be displayed during school days in or near every
Section 175. Position and manner of
The flag, when carried in a procession with another flag or flags, should be
either on the marching right; that is, the flag's own right, or, if there is a
line of other flags, in front of the center of that line.
- (a) The flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade
except from a staff, or as provided in subsection (i) of this section.
- (b) The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, sides, or
back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or a boat. When the flag is
displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the chassis or
clamped to the right fender.
- (c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on the
same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of America,
except during church services conducted by naval chaplains at sea, when
the church pennant may be flown above the flag during church services for
the personnel of the Navy. No person shall display the flag of the United
Nations or any other national or international flag equal, above, or in a
position of superior prominence or honor to, or in place of, the flag of
the United States at any place within the United States or any Territory
or possession thereof: Provided, That nothing in this section shall make
unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore followed of displaying
the flag of the United Nations in a position of superior prominence or
honor, and other national flags in positions of equal prominence or honor,
with that of the flag of the United States at the headquarters of the
- (d) The flag of the United States of America, when it is
displayed with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should be
on the right, the flag's own right, and its staff should be in front of
the staff of the other flag.
- (e) The flag of the United States of America should be at the
center and at the highest point of the group when a number of flags of
States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped and displayed
from the staffs.
- (f) When flags of States, cities, or localities, or pennants of
societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United
States, the latter should always be at the peak. When the flags are flown
from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should be hoisted
first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may be placed above the
flag of the United States or to the United States flag's right.
- (g) When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are to
be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags should be
approximately equal size. International usage forbids the display of the
flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace.
- (h) When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff
projecting horizontally or at an angle from the window sill, balcony, or
front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed at the peak of
the staff unless the flag is at half staff. When the flag is suspended
over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a house to a pole at the edge
of the sidewalk, the flag should be hoisted out, union first, from the
- (i) When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a
wall, the union should be uppermost and to the flag's own right, that is,
to the observer's left. When displayed in a window, the flag should be
displayed in the same way, with the union or blue field to the left of the
observer in the street.
- (j) When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it
should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an east and
west street or to the east in a north and south street.
- (k) When used on a speaker's platform, the flag, if displayed
flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When displayed
from a staff in a church or public auditorium, the flag of the United
States of America should hold the position of superior prominence, in
advance of the audience, and in the position of honor at the clergyman's
or speaker's right as he faces the audience. Any other flag so displayed
should be placed on the left of the clergyman or speaker or to the right
of the audience.
- (l) The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony of
unveiling a statue or monument, but it should never be used as the
covering for the statue or monument.
- (m) The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted
to the peak for an instant and then lowered to the half-staff position.
The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is lowered for the
day. On Memorial Day the flag should be displayed at half-staff until noon
only, then raised to the top of the staff. By order of the President, the
flag shall be flown at half-staff upon the death of principal figures of
the United States Government and the Governor of a State, territory, or
possession, as a mark of respect to their memory. In the event of the
death of other officials or foreign dignitaries, the flag is to be
displayed at half-staff according to Presidential instructions or orders,
or in accordance with recognized customs or practices not inconsistent
with law. In the event of the death of a present or former official of the
government of any State, territory, or possession of the United States,
the Governor of that State, territory, or possession may proclaim that the
National flag shall be flown at half-staff. The flag shall be flown at
half-staff thirty days from the death of the President or a former
President; ten days from the day of death of the Vice President, the Chief
Justice or a retired Chief Justice of the United States, or the Speaker of
the House of Representatives; from the day of death until interment, a
former Vice President, or the Governor of a State, territory, or
possession; and on the day of death and the following day for a Member of
Congress. As used in this subsection -
- (1) the term "half-staff" means the position of the
flag when it is one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the
- (2) the term "executive or military department" means
any agency listed under sections 101 and 102 of title 5; and
- (3) the term "Member of Congress" means a Senator, a
Representative, a Delegate, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
- (n) When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so
placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag
should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the ground.
- (o) When the flag is suspended across a corridor or lobby in a
building with only one main entrance, it should be suspended vertically
with the union of the flag to the observer's left upon entering. If the
building has more than one main entrance, the flag should be suspended
vertically near the center of the corridor or lobby with the union to the
north, when entrances are to the east and west or to the east when
entrances are to the north and south. If there are entrances in more than
two directions, the union should be to the east.
Section 176 Respect for flag
No disrespect should be shown to the flag of the United States of America; the
flag should not be dipped to any person or thing. Regimental colors, State
flags, and organization or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of
- (a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down,
except as a signal of dire distress in instances of extreme danger to life
- (b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the
ground, the floor, water, or merchandise.
- (c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but
always aloft and free.
- (d) The flag should never be used as wearing apparel, bedding, or
drapery. It should never be festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but
always allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white and red, always
arranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red below,
should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the front of the
platform, and for decoration in general.
- (e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored
in such a manner as to permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in
- (f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling.
- (g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of
it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design,
picture, or drawing of any nature.
- (h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving,
holding, carrying, or delivering anything.
- (i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in any
manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such articles as
cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or otherwise impressed on
paper napkins or boxes or anything that is designed for temporary use and
discard. Advertising signs should not be fastened to a staff of halyard
from which the flag is flown.
- (j) No part of the flag should ever be used as a costume or
athletic uniform. However, a flag patch may be affixed to the uniform of
military personnel, firemen, policemen, and members of patriotic
organizations. The flag represents a living country and is itself
considered a living thing. Therefore, the lapel flag pin being a replica,
should be worn on the left lapel near the heart.
- (k) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a
fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way,
preferably by burning.
Section 177. Conduct during hoisting,
lowering or passing of flag
During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the flag is passing
in a parade of in review, all persons present except for those in uniform should
face the flag and stand at attention with the right hand over the heart. Those
present in uniform should render the military salute. When not in uniform, men
should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left
shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Aliens should stand at attention. The
salute to the flag in a moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag
Additional Web Sites
1 Grolier Inc. Multimedia
Encyclopedia. 1998. Adapted by Dow Jones
& Company, Inc. 1999. Table Number 25 http:/orl.grolier.com/ea-online/wsja/text/ch02/tables/pp025.htm
2 LibrarySpot. StartSpot Mediaworks, Inc. Evanston, IL
3 Web Site. Brugh, Larry. 2000. http://www.fortunecity.com/boozers/oldhouse/186/etiquette.html
5.Bill of Rights
4.Candle In The